United kingdom dating 2016
Serving as special representatives of the king, these Jews worked as moneylenders and coin dealers.
Over the course of a generation, Jews established communities in London, York, Bristol, Canterbury and other major cities.
Christians attacked Jewish settlements in retaliation. Despite Pope Innocent IVs protests about the ridiculousness of these allegations, the image of a murderous Jew out to hurt Christians developed in the public mind.
These charges were repeated in Gloucester (in 1168), Bury St.
In 1130, the Jews were fined 2,000 pounds on the charge that a Jew had killed a sick man.
The first record of Jews in Oxford is from 1141 when they were caught in the political infighting of two sides warring for the throne.
Led by Richard Malebys, a noble indebted to the Jews, the mob besieged the castle.
The Jews came mostly from France with some from Germany, Italy and Spain, seeking prosperity and a haven from anti-Semitism.During the Middle Ages, usury, or lending money for interest, was considered a sin by the Catholic Church.Therefore, Christians were forbidden to work as moneylenders and Jews were called to that occupation and were able to set high interest rates.They played a vital role in maintaining the British treasury and, for a time, the Crown watched over the Jewish financiers and their property, though they also taxed them onerously.Disputes between Christian clerics and Jews in this period were supposedly encouraged by William Rufus (1087-1100).
Despite the Jews financial contribution, the pro-Christian ideology of the Crusade resulted in rioting in England and some Jewish businesses in London were burned.