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Naim (1955) and argued that the Lovings' case was not a violation of the Equal Protection Clause because both the white and the non-white spouse were punished equally for the crime of miscegenation, an argument similar to that made by the United States Supreme Court in 1883 in Pace v. The Lovings, still supported by the ACLU, appealed the decision to the United States Supreme Court, where Virginia was represented by Robert Mc Ilwaine of the state's attorney general's office.The Lovings did not attend the oral arguments in Washington, but one of their lawyers, Bernard S.This prompted the county court judge in the case, Leon M.Bazile, to issue a ruling on the long-pending motion to vacate.
1 (1967) is a landmark civil rights decision of the United States Supreme Court, which invalidated laws prohibiting interracial marriage.Alabama (1883) and ending all race-based legal restrictions on marriage in the United States.The decision was followed by an increase in interracial marriages in the U.Despite conflicting testimony by various expert witnesses, the judge defined Mrs.Monks' race by relying on the anatomical "expertise" of a surgeon.
Virginia, there had been several cases on the subject of interracial sexual relations. Interracial marital sex was deemed a felony, whereas extramarital sex ("adultery or fornication") was only a misdemeanor.